Language or Speech Impairment
Students who have difficulties with communications skills which interfere with academic progress and social interactions may have a language or speech impairment. An educational language evaluation will include assessment of academic achievement, progress in the general education curriculum including interventions, social and developmental history, observation documenting area of difficulty, relevant medical information and any other assessments necessary to determine eligibility or services.
An educational speech evaluation will include assessment of articulation, fluency, voice, academic achievement, social and developmental history, observation of speech, physician’s statement of organic cause of speech impairment, relevant medical information and any other assessments necessary to determine eligibility or services.
(Exclusionary factors include language or speech impairments when the student’s native language is not English or a student who is bilingual or multilingual whose speech or language patterns deviate from standard English or has dialectical differences.) A student who is bilingual or multilingual must show language or speech impairment in all languages spoken by the student. School base therapy focuses on articulation, receptive, expressive and pragmatic language, voice and fluency. Services range from consultation to direct therapy in group settings. Related services, accommodations and modifications may be provided to support the student’s needs as determined appropriate in the IEP.
Speech clinicians may service students collaboratively with other school staff through school intervention programs. Students may be referred through general education problem solving for a language or speech evaluations and benefit from short term therapy.